I make art and music from the perspective of an amateur, bringing together my interests in the everyday and the avant garde, particularly conceptual art and experimental music. I am interested in the dedication, creativity and knowledge that amateurs produce, and I try to find ways to bring that about through my work. Much of what I do is interdisciplinary and appears in different media and varied tones – an attempt at evading classification while creating my own curriculum for learning and making.

From 2001 to 2005 I studied English Literature at the National University of Singapore, focusing on critical theory. My honours thesis explored on the relationship between the Cold War and glitch music via Paul Virilio's writings. In 2009, I graduated with an MA in Aural & Visual Cultures (with Distinction) from Goldsmiths College in London, under the supervision of Kodwo Eshun from The Otolith Group. My masters dissertation delved into creative practitioners such as Brian Eno, Cory Arcangel and Archigram, whose work engaged with, and expanded on, the notion of systems.

After graduation, I completed artist residencies with Gertrude (Melbourne, AU), ARCUS (Moriya, JP), Kunstlerhaus Bethanien (Berlin, DE), Hospitalfield (Arbroath, UK), and NTU Centre for Contemporary Art (Singapore, SG). My work has since been presented at various institutions and exhibitions, including The High Line (New York, US), Camden Arts Centre (London, UK), Haus der Kulturen der Welt (Berlin, DE), Museum of Contemporary Art (Sydney, AU), Museum Voorlinden (Wassenaar, NL), Kunstinstituut Melly (Rotterdam, NL), Festival of Live Art (Melbourne, AU), Spring Workshop (Hong Kong, CN), Singapore Art Museum (Singapore, SG), 14th Istanbul Biennale (Istanbul, TR), 4th Aichi Triennale (Nagoya, JP), 3rd Singapore Biennale (Singapore, SG), and 1st Asia Society Triennale (New York, US). 

In 2019, I represented Singapore at the 58th Venice Biennale with a solo presentation, Music for Everyone: Variations On a Theme, which Frieze named as one of the best pavilions at the Arsenale. A full-colour, 258-page catalogue was published on that occasion, compiling existing and new works from my art practice into two volumes. 

Since 2020, I have been immersed in studying and exploring modular synthesis, focusing on the potentials of feedback, chaotic systems and cybernetics. This is the core of my self-study from which my creative practice now stems. Some of my patches are documented here

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